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Two Covenants and two Gospels.
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THE MARK OF CAIN...........

The Mark of Cain?

After Cain slew his brother Abel, Yahweh set a "mark" on him, and sent him to the land of wandering...the 'Land of Nod" those not awake...those who sleep in the ignorance of this world system of violence, wars, taxation an servitude dreaming they are free. Cain began the first City a world system which continues to our day, today. Just what is the "Mark of Cain"? You need to understand the answer -- and act on the truth!
What is the "mark of Cain"? And why does the Scripture condemn in no uncertain terms the "way of Cain"? There is far more behind this Biblical narrative than most people have assumed. It directly involves your own personal life and future -- whether you know it or not!
In the book of Genesis we read the simple account, in the New International Version:
"Now the man Adam knew Eve as his wife, and she conceived and gave birth. She said, 'With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man.' Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Gen.4:1
"Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD. But Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering. But on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.
"The the LORD said to Cain, 'Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it.'"
Cain and Abel
"Now Cain said to his brother Abel, 'Let's go out to the field.' And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
"Then the LORD said to Cain, 'Where is your brother Abel?'
"'I don't know,' he replied. 'Am I my brother's keeper?'
"The LORD said, 'What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground. Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand. When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.'
"Cain said to the LORD, 'My punishment is greater than I can bear. Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.'
"But the LORD said to him, 'Not so; if anyone kills Cain, he will suffer vengeance seven times over. Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. So Cain went out from the LORD's presence and lived in the land of Nod east of Eden" (Genesis 4:1-16).
The Lesson of the Mark placed on Cain
Why is this historical story mentioned in the Bible? Why does the Book of Genesis spend so much time on what some might regard as "just one murder"? Surely, our modern world sees thousands of murders every year -- and if you count the numbers killed in war, millions of victims are claimed every century!
There is much more to the story of Cain and Abel than you probably think!
Josephus, the eminent Judahite historian of the first century, gives us much greater insight into this matter. In his Antiquities of the Jews he records:
"Adam and Eve had two sons. The elder of them was named Cain, which name, when it is interpreted, signifies a possession; the younger was Abel, which signifies sorrow. They had also daughters. Now, the two brothers were pleased with different courses of life; for Abel, the younger, was a lover of righteousness, and, believing that God was present at all his actions, he excelled in virtue, and his employment was that of a shepherd. But Cain was not only very wicked in other respects, but was WHOLLY INTENT UPON GETTING [possessing], and he first contrived to plough the ground.
"He slew his brother on the occasion following: -- They had resolved to sacrifice to God. Now Cain brought the fruits of the earth, and of his husbandry; but Abel brought milk, and the first-fruits of his flocks; but God was more delighted with the latter oblation, when he was honored with what grew naturally of its own accord, than he was with what was the invention of a covetous man, and gotten by forcing the ground; whence it was that Cain was very angry that Abel was preferred by God before him; and he slew his brother, and hid his dead body, thinking to escape discovery.
"But God, knowing what had been done, came to Cain, and asked him what was become of his brother, because he had not seen him of many days, whereas he used to observe them conversing together at other times. But Cain was in doubt with himself, and knew not what answer to give to God. At first he said that he was himself at a loss about his brother's disappearance; but when he was provoked by God, who pressed him vehemently, as resolving to know what the matter was, he replied he was not his brother's guardian or keeper, nor was he an observor of what he did.
"But in return, God convicted Cain as having been the murderer of his brother; and said, "I wonder at thee, that thou knowest not what is become of a man whom thou thyself hast destroyed.' God therefore did not inflict the punishment [of death] upon him, on account of his offering sacrifice, and thereby making supplication to Him not to be extreme in His wrath to him; but He made him accursed, and threatened his posterity in the seventh generation.
"He also cast him, together with his wife, out of that land. And when he was afraid that in wandering about he should fall among wild beasts, and by that means perish, God bid him not to entertain such a melancholy suspicion, and to go over all the earth without fear of what mischief he might suffer from wild beasts; and setting a mark upon him that he might be known, he commanded him to depart" (Ant., I, 2, 1).
Josephus goes on to tell us that after Cain wandered over many countries, he,
"with his wife, built a city, named Nod, which is a place so called, and there he settled his abode; where also he had children. However, he did not accept his punishment in order to amendment, but to increase his wickedness; for he only aimed to procure everything that was for his own bodily pleasure, though it obliged him to be injurious to his neighbors. He augmented his household substance with much wealth, by rapine and violence; he excited his acquaintance to procure pleasures and spoils by robbery, and became a GREAT LEADER OF MEN INTO WICKED COURSES.
"He also introduced a change in that way of simplicity wherein men lived before; and was the author of measures and weights. And whereas they lived innocently and generously while they knew nothing of such arts, HE CHANGED THE WORLD INTO CUNNING CRAFTINESS. He first of all set boundaries about lands; he built a city, and fortified it with walls, and he compelled his family to come together to it; and called that city Enoch, after the name of his eldest son Enoch."
By the fifth generation after Cain, his great-great grandson Lamech had three notable sons -- Jabal, who erected tents and loved the life of a shepherd; Jubal, his brother, who loved music, and invented the psaltery and harp. His name probably is that from which came "jobel," the trumpet of jobel or jubilee. His half-brother was Tubal, who "exceeded all men in strength, and was very expert and famous in martial performances. He procured what tended to the pleasures of the body by that method [war]; and first of all invented the art of making brass."
Lamech, his father, was "so skillful in matters of divine revelation" [Book One page 10 Josephus Antiquities]-- probably consulted demons through witchcraft, the occult, and pagan methods of divination -- "that he knew he was to be punished for Cain's murder of his brother, he made that known to his wives. Nay, even while Adam was alive, it came to pass that the posterity of Cain became exceedingly wicked, every one successively dying one after another, more wicked than the former. They were intolerable in war, and vehement in robberies; and if any one were slow to murder people, yet was he bold in his profligate behavior, in acting unjustly, and doing injury for gain."
Thus, when we combine the Biblical account, with the account of Josephus, we find that Cain was the first man to build cities, and to place people inside them -- obviously, so he could more easily "control" them. He became the world's first "Dictator." He was the first political tyrant and founded a society in distinct rebellion against the Genesis One where all was "very good" in which the true Elohim rested. The new Yahweh laws were created by Cain and his followers and his children.
No doubt, also, that Cain began the world's system of taxation, to compel those in his cities to "pay" for their city services, "protection," and "government," and he and his cronies and aides lived very well of the spoils of the conquests, and the "taxes" they extorted from their followers and slaves. All this, no doubt, in the "name" of Cain, "servant of God," the world's first "benefactor." Thus this whole worldly "Babylonish" system really began with none other than Cain, the son of Adam, who murdered his brother Abel out of a fit of jealous rage! But Cain's real father was the Serpent God Yahweh.
It was Cain and those following in his steps that Jesus the Messiah was actually referring to when he said to his disciples:"
25 And he said to them, The kings of the nations rule over them, and they that exercise authority over them are called benefactors.
26 But *ye* [shall] not [be] thus, but let the greater among you be as the younger, and the leader as he that serves."Luke 22:25-26Darby Translation (DARBY)
Cain was the first "King" the first "benefactor." No doubt that is what he claimed to be, although it was all a charade, a cover-up, a pretense. No doubt he compelled men to virtually "worship" before him, like pagan kings have done for millennia, and professed himself to be a "god." In fact, there is evidence that he considered himself to be the "promised Messiah," and that is one of the reasons he was so outraged when Yahweh God rejected his vegetable offering but accepted that of his "weakling" brother Abel a blood sacrifice, who did not have the sheer drive, force, and cunning that Cain did. Cain was ambitious he realized this Yahweh God wanted blood sacrifice and slaughter as a means of control and reward.
The First False Messiah
Alfred Edersheim in his Old Testament History, gives us further insight into the character of Cain. He writes:
"Of the two sons of Adam and Eve, Cain was the elder, and indeed, as we gather, the first-born of all their children. Throughout antiquity, and in the East to this day, proper names are regarded as significant of a deeper meaning. When Eve called her first-born son Cain ('gotten,' or 'acquired'), she said, 'I have gotten a man from Yahveh.' Apparently, she connected the birth of her son with the IMMEDIATE FULFILLMENT OF THE PROMISE concerning the Seed, who was to bruise the head of the serpent. This expectation was, if we may be allowed the comparison, as natural on her part as that of the immediate return of our Lord by some of the early Christians.
"It also showed how deeply this hope had sunk into her heart, how lively was her faith in the fulfillment of the promise, and how ardent her longing for it. But if such had been her views, they must have been speedily disappointed. Perhaps for this very reason, or else because she had been more fully informed, or on other grounds with which we are not acquainted, the other son of Adam and Eve, mentioned in Scripture, was named Abel, that is 'breath,' or 'fading away'" (Vol. 1, 1890).
When Yahweh God showed respect to the offering of Abel, "probably marking His acceptance by some outward and visible manifestation," but showed no respect for Cain's offering, Edersheim writes:
"Instead of inquiring into the reason of his rejection, and trying to have it removed, Cain now gave way to feelings of anger and jealousy. In His mercy, God indeed brought before him his sin, warned him of its danger, and pointed out the way of escape. But Cain had chosen his course. Meeting his brother in the field, angry words led to murderous deed, and earth witnessed the first death, the more terrible that it was violent, and at a brother's hand. Once more the voice of Yahveh called Cain to account, and again he hardened himself, this time almost disowning the authority of God. But the mighty hand of the Judge was on the unrepenting murderer" (ibid.)
But when Cain was banished by Yahweh, and the ground was cursed to him as a vegan, he complained that the punishment was too harsh, too severe but the taste of blood was soon to engulf him. Still unrepentant, he professed to be fearful that someone might kill him, just as he had killed Abel. To prevent this, Yahweh set a "mark" on Cain, setting him apart, so no one would do this, knowing Cain would fulfill Yahweh's agenda. "I Yahweh am a man of war" Exodus 15:3/.
Thus Cain was the first man in the world to DEPART from the way of the vegan lifestyle of Genesis One, and to literally "go his own way" instead. His way of life became synonymous, in the Scriptures, with the way of evil, the way of spiritual ruin and disaster. Cain became the first of many who would be a "son of perdition," "son of hell," and "son of doom."
Cain now having the mark of Yahweh that is war and bloodshed he began RELIGION. Still professing to worship the "LORD," he did so his own way and began the practice of making tools for warfare and conquest and building Cities enclaves to enslave mankind under the falsity of being their benefactor concealing the reality he was a warmonger to accomplish his lust to rule over mankind. The first such idols were figures of a man and female deity, no doubt representing Cain and his wife, with whom he built his first "city" and established his first "government." The first kings of the earth were "priest-kings," and Cain became the High Priest of his own religion. He established his own form of religious empire, with sensual, earthy services, compelling tithes to be paid by his worshippers, creating lavish "temples" with male and female prostitution, the origins of the worship of Canaanite abominations which were condemned in the time of Moses who brought more law and civil order through the hardships of wandering in the Desert for 40 years, realising Cain's excesses and sensuality were weakening the powers of Government and control.
Cain, Eve's firstborn, no doubt had been told many times by Eve of the "promise of her Seed" who would bruise the head of the serpent, and bring deliverance to the Adamic race that had been banished from Eden. Her stories and the thought fired his imagination, and he thought -- in part because she also believed -- that the promise referred to him, a son from Yahweh her "firstborn of many brethren." Slaying Abel was his first calculated Messianic act assuming Abel was the seed of the Serpent who as usual deceives his own. Murder and blood shed is the Mark of the Serpent and the Beast of Revelations and the ability to deceive, all this is the mark of the forehead the mind that conceives murder and blood shed. The mind of man is the Beast "the carnal mind is at enmity with God" That is the true God of the New Testament that only Jesus can reveal." John 1:17-18" The Law came through Moses, but Grace and Truth through Jesus Christ,
.18 No one has seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, *he* hath declared [him]. God was unknown in the Old Testament and thankfully so. The only pointer was Genesis One. Cain's father was in the Garden of God but fell through pride and opposition to the true God and Eternal Life [See Ezekiel 28:15]
Pride goes before a fall, Solomon wrote, and Cain never learned the value of humility. He was the first world advocate of "self-esteem," "pride," and "self-assertion." Not for him was the path of humility, meekness. He would never let anybody walk over him, or take an insult, or allow anyone to besmirch his imagined "honor." Thus in every respect Cain, and embraced the ways of Satan, who became his real "god," and the "god of this world" (II Corinthians 4:4). He was the first, the Pathfinder, of those of whom it is written:
"The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of men who SUPPRESS THE TRUTH by their wickedness since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities -- his eternal power and divine nature -- have been clearly seen, being understood from what is made, so that men are WITHOUT EXCUSE.
"For although they KNEW GOD, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were DARKENED. Although they claimed to be wise, they became FOOLS and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for IMAGES made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles.
"Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. They exchanged the truth of God for a lie and worshiped and served created things, rather than the Creator -- who is forever praised. Amen.
"Because of this, God gave them over to SHAMEFUL LUSTS. Even their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural ones. In this same way, the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion.
"Furthermore, since they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over to a DEPRAVED MIND, to do what ought not to be done. They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed, and depravity. They are full of ENVY, MURDER, STRIFE [just like Cain, their pathfinder, and pacesetter!], DECEIT and MALICE. They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; they are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless. Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them" (Romans 1:18-32).
This entire passage of Scripture is discussing the WAY OF CAIN -- the way this wicked world has followed to the core.
These very attributes discussed by the apostle Paul were the very things that FILLED THE WORLD prior to the Flood of Noah's time. From the time of Cain's original rebellion, the condition of the world continued to become more and more depraved, violent and filled with bloodshed. Sensuality ruled the day and night. Greed, hard business competition, strife, and ruthlessness ruled the cities and dominions of mankind. Robbers and thieves lurked in the highways and by-ways, and Today also on the Internet.
Alfred Edersheim writes: "Cain, as we know, had gone into the land of 'Nod' -- 'wandering,' 'flight,' 'unrest,' -- and there built a city, which has been aptly described as the LAYING OF THE FIRST FOUNDATIONS OF THAT KINGDOM in which 'THE SPIRIT OF THE BEAST' prevails. We must remember that probably centuries had elapsed since the creation and that men had already multiplied on the earth" (Old Testament History, Vol. 1, 1890) The Land of Nod what is it it is this but the world asleep, wandering in waking dreams under the rule of Cain.
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The inventions and pursuits of the Cainites point to the cultivation of the "arts," the introduction of military might and war, became the source of most of our inventions, the Internet was invented originally for the military and so on.....and a competitive business system requiring weights and measures, based on distrust -- the old adage of "let the buyer beware" and "never buy a pig in a poke." Even Jabal, Lamech's son, who was the "father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle," actually made even the pastoral life a "regular business." Jubal, the inventor of stringed and wind instruments, undoubtedly perverted the use of good music and introduced music much like our modern "hard rock," and "heavy metal" music. His music had to be the kind accepted and adored by a society bent on sensuality, lust, and depravity -- therefore, just like our modern wild lyrics and deafening music.
Tubal-Cain, Lamech's son by Zillah (Lamech was the originator of polygamy, as he is noted as having two wives!), the inventor of metallurgy and processes using brass and iron to make implements, and weapons of war -- all this shows that the society of Cain was a godless, wicked, wild and depraved, sensual world, which worshiped a false god, and created a false, counterfeit religion, which consulted demons through occult arts and religious rituals.
Says Edersheim of that society founded by Cain:
"Moreover, it is very remarkable that we perceive in the Cainite race those very things which afterwards formed THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HEATHENISM, as we find it among the most advanced nations of antiquity, such as Greece and ROME" (ibid.).
Thus Cain -- he was the founder of the world's BABYLON THE GREAT! He was, therefore, the original "Beast" who thought to "change times and laws." One suspects strongly that since Satan deceived Eve as soon as he could get to her, after that first Sabbath day, before she could get to knowthe true God that Jesus revealed and was crucified for by the Cainites lusting for his blood "Let his blood be on us and our children" Math.27:25 through fellowship, and before she could partake of the tree of life, that he must have deceived her on the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK! As Jesus was also murdered on Sunday. Of course, Sunday is the Holy Day of the Cainites who have usurped not only Judaism Christianity and also Islam. In its place, he inaugurated worship on the First Day of the week -- in honor of the "Great Enlightener" -- Satan, the God of this world -- who brought "the knowledge of good and evil" to mankind -- earthly wisdom. Cain's religion, therefore, was begun in honor of Satan, the "prince of the power of the air" (Ephesians 2:2), and the original "sun god." Cain's wife became, therefore, the original "Queen of Heaven," the first "Astarte," "Ishtar," or "Easter"!
It is interesting that soon AFTER the Flood, this ancient PAGAN religious mystery system was revived by Nimrod and Semiramis, who took these titles to themselves, and became the "Baal" and "Ishtar" of the pagan religion which spread around the world in different forms and guises, but with the same rituals and beliefs. Nimrod was the counterpart of Cain after the Flood. However, Nimrod was not an innovator; he merely continued to serve as "high priest" and "king" of the pagan world after the Flood, continuing an office which had come down from Cain himself, who was the first "Peter," which by definition means "Interpreter" of the hidden secrets. Nimrod was the first "father," or Pope, after the Flood. But the entire religious and political SYSTEM goes back much further, to Cain himself, who looked upon himself as the true "Father," and first "Papa" or "Pope."
Archaeology reveals that the cities of Babylon go back before the Flood of Noah's time, and the prevalence of pre-Flood idols and idolatrous images, including sun-gods and "goddess mother" images, shows how widespread the worship begun by Cain and his wife had become.
The "Mark of Cain" has a powerful attraction to human nature. It gratifies the flesh, by glorying in the blood shed and murder of Jesus to forgive their sins and excites the senses. It has a compelling allure to the lusts of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life [I John 2:15] It is the belief that blood shedding is the means of being saved that has made mankind and Christianity a train wreck, that is the Mark of Cain and the Beast of the Apocalypse.

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The blood covenant was used all over the ancient world.  The ancient Egyptians used it.  The ancient Babylonians used it.  The ancient Greeks used it.  The ancient Romans used it. Do there is nothing special about the ancient Hebrews using it.  All over the ancient world this blood covenant was used.  So what was the methodology? A man made a covenant with a promise, when those two men made a covenant, in order to seal it forever and by blood, they took an animal and they slew it and poured out its blood on the ground.  Then they divided it exactly half and half.  And then the two men, together, passed between the blood sacrifice; and the meaning was that if either of the other broke the covenant, may he be torn limb from limb as the sacrifice was slain.   And may his blood be poured out into the ground as the blood of the sacrificial creature was poured out on the earth.   

Hence when Abram answer Yahweh: “Lord, how shall I know that I shall inherit it?”  Yahweh said, “Abram, take a heifer three years old, take a goat three years old, take a ram of three years old, take a turtledove, and a young pigeon [Gen.15:9]  and divide them, pour out their blood on the ground and divide them.  Put half of it here and half of it here.  And Abram, we are going to enter into an everlasting, unconditional blood covenant.” 

Then an astonishing thing happened.  Ordinarily, the two who make the covenant pass between the bloody sacrifice on either side, it says , Gen.15: 12, that God made a deep sleep to fall upon Abram, a deep sleep, similar to what Yahweh did to Adam a deep sleep, when he took Eve from his side.  A deep sleep fell upon Abram [Genesis 2:21], and there Abram is in that deep slumber, and then under the sign of a flaming fire, a symbol of God.  A reminder to Moses who also experienced the flaming fire in the bush that burned as Moses looked upon it, on the back side of the desert[Exodus 3:13] again as the pillar of fire that guided His Israel through the wilderness[Exodus 13:21]again in the shekinah glory of Yahweh that came down upon the sacrifice, under the symbol and the sign of a flaming, burning fire, God alone walked through that sacrifice![Gen.15:17 but not with Abram. So was the Covenant binding? No, not in the normal practice or methodology...while Adam walked with God in the Garden Abram did not walk with God through the sacrifices, it appears Abram did not keep his end of the Covenant from the start. If my salvation and future depends on these pagan practices God help me, I like Jesus may be crucified and tortured.

 Jung says religion is a defense against the experience of god. I agree and  say our religions are. One is a Christian mystic, and definitely not a theologian, theologians are people who interpret the vocabulary of Scripture as if it were referring to supernatural facts. The experience you refer to or by their fruits you shall know them has nothing to with "this world that lies in the evil one," [1 John 5:19]..."all our righteousness are but filthy rags"Isaiah 64:6...full stop.We have no abiding city here, there is nothing this world can give us, that will enter heaven. not one single thing. All covenants made of earth are useless as even the Inspired author of the Book of Hebrews refers to, they are "but shadows and types of the things in heaven" Heb.8:5 and "shadows of things to come" Col.2:17

 There are plenty of mystics in the Christian tradition, only we don’t hear much about them, few realise that St.Paul was the greatest Christian Mystic of all time....Yes, Peter found Paul hard to understand [2 Peter 3:16]But now and again you run into it. Meister Eckhart is such a person. Thomas Merton had it. Dante had it. Dionysus the Areopagyte had it. John of the Cross breaks through every now and again and then comes flashing back again. I may add and thdi is a long subject the evolution of man's understanding of Yahweh in the Old Testament, it seems as time went on it became more mellow. You see the real issue is our concept of God, how it changes, though God never changes. God is not the issue but our concepts of God are the ISSUE. So Isaiah says of Yahweh " I create evil" and the word evil is "ra" translated no less than 445 times in the KJV as "evil." In Jeremiah there are more than 30 references to Yahweh either doing evil or repenting from evil. For example in Jeremiah 11:10 we read of both Israel and Judah having broken the Covenant which Yahweh had made with their fathers, and then comes the passage: "Thus saith Yahweh, behold I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape" not just allow evil, but brings evil upon them.

The Old Covenant was based on the law, written in stone, required death for transgression. It did not give righteousness or salvation [Gal.2:21]. But the new covenant brings the Holy Spirit and life and righteousness. The old covenant could not cleanse the conscience, but the new covenant is written on the heart. It changes our hearts in a way that an external law cannot.he law, written in stone, required death for transgression. It did not give righteousness or salvation [Gal.2:21]. But the new covenant brings the Holy Spirit and life and righteousness. The old covenant could not cleanse the conscience, but the new covenant is written on the heart. It changes our hearts in a way that an external law cannot. The old covenant was temporary. It was glorious in its time, but its glory has faded because a greater glory is now here. "But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:" 2 Cor.3:7

The Old Testament contains a canonical selection from older Judaic writings..the Midrash, Torah, and Pentateuch, which themselves are but a synthesis of traditional folklore and legends that had been handed down orally through the Centuries in many tongues and were by no means the exclusive property of the tribes professing the Judaic faith. And of this collection of scriptural literature, all the original manuscripts are lost. Even in the times of Jesus, only copies were available,  and those would have been copies far removed from the originals. With the passage of time, there evolved many variations in the manuscripts that were copies and the need for a standard text arose. The standard text was eventually produced by the Massoretes in the seventh and eighth Century of our era or A.D. in the Cities of Jerusalem and Tiberias...that Today Christians and Jews as one claim the Old Testament to be the only original Theophany.

Like Homeric Zeus, the God of the Old Testament is credited with conversing with mortals, and yes many un-godlike qualities like jealousy, enmity, vengefulness and mass killing are attributed to the Jewish deity Yahweh. But unlike Zeus, writings attributed to Homer, Hesiod, Sophocles, Euripides, Apollonius, and Ovid were recorded to have said they employed the Olympians to bring homo sapiens to heel,  but with the Old Testament Yahweh is alleged to have used mortal men, the Patriarchs, the Prophets and on odd occasions an angel or more, for this purpose. As a parallel of the Olympians the sons of the gods consorting with mortal women is the same as the sons of God coming down in Genesis 5 to the daughters of men. Not going into all the details the similarity between the Jewish and Hellenic legends are obvious and a student of such will see their common origins. In "Before the Bible" Professor Cyrus. H. Gordon makes it very clear that Homer and the Old Testament share a common Mediterranean heritage, and out of the Amama Age[Lost Pharaohs, was Moses Thutmose 111] a synthesis emerged of the earliest traditions of Judaism and Greece.

 And contrary to common religious traditional teaching, the supposed personalities Noah, Abraham,[Even Brahman of the Hindus] Israel/Jacob,and Moses, together with the characters of Gilgamesh and the Deucalion epics, were not, in fact, mortals of flesh and blood. Rather they were nomenclatures like  Aphrodite, Isis, Orpheus and Osiris used as a metaphysical tool to identify certain divine principles like "The rock that went behind Israel" was Christ,[1 Cor.10:4] Sadly Today we no longer see the abstract qualities, but in our dialectical materialism are conditioned to look at physical persons and mentally predisposed to imagine the 
person and his name rather than the allegory. See Galatians 4:24 where St.Paul exhorts us to take these personalities allegorically. Not withstanding the panegyric practices the Greek bards and their scribes were nonsectarian as indeed the Jewish scribes on the whole, in fact, it is more a recent phenomenon for Jews to adopt this nationalistic fervor. I will not go into the long story of Babylonians who converted to Judaism at the time of Daniel or the ancient Hittites who also practiced Judaism. This the best exegesis I can give in brief.



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